Tuesday, July 29, 2014

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          How do we know what, how or who to worship if we don't know His name?  We know that the Lord is a trinity.  Do we realize that as we call on one of His names, we are calling on all of His names?  In the Bible Jesus said that He and the Father are One.  In another place Jesus said: He, the Father and the Holy Spirit are the same One.[1]  The different names of God are given to express the various attributes of His character.

ELOHIM - אלהים - God's title or office, like president or CEO,  is a plural noun, meaning three or more. ( can mean one or more, two or more, or three or more[2] - in Genesis the meaning is three or more)  Elohim is the Creator of all men, but only those who are born again can refer to Him as Father.[3]  "Hear O Israel, Jehovah our Elohim is one Jehovah" = Hear O Israel, our redeemer is God."

JEHOVAH - יהוה -  The personal name of God. It means redeemer - YHWH - Jehovah is the eternal I AM.  I am Jehovah, thy Elohim.  The most important and most often written name of God in Judaism is the Tetragrammaton, the four-letter name of God, also known as יהוה, or YHWH. "Tetragrammaton" derives from the prefix tetra- ("four") and gramma ("letter", "grapheme"). The Tetragrammaton appears 6,828 times in the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia edition of the Hebrew Masoretic text. This name is first mentioned in Genesis 2:4. In English language bibles it is traditionally translated as "The Lord".

ADONAI - אדוני - Master, or one who owns.  My Lord.  Adonai (אֲדֹנָי), the Hebrew for "my lords"  Anon = singular. Adonai = plural.


Lord God = Jehovah

Adonai Elohim = Jehovah


Jehovah Jirea = The Lord will provide.

Jehovah Rapha = The Lord that heals.

Jehovah Nisi = The Lord our banner, our victory.

Jehovah Qadash = The Lord that sanctifies.

Jehovah Shalom = The Lord our peace.

Jehovah Tsidkenu = The Lord our righteousness.

Jehovah Shammah = The Lord is there.  When Christ returns, Jerusalem will be called Jehovah Shammah.

Jehovah Sabaoth = The Lord of Host.

Jehovah Ra-Ha = The Lord, my shepherd.

          EL is sometimes used  in place of Elohim. An example of this would be El Elyon = most high God.  El Olam = everlasting God.  El Shaddai = Almighty God.  El means strong one.  Shaddai means the breast of God, the nourisher, strength giver, the satisfier.

          HaShem - While other names of God in Judaism are generally restricted to use in a liturgical context, HaShem is used in more casual circumstances. HaShem is used by Orthodox Jews so as to avoid saying Adonai outside of a ritual context

          Ehyeh asher ehyeh (Hebrew: אהיה אשר אהיה) is the first of three responses given to Moses when he asks for God's name (Exodus 3:14). I am that I am.

          According to Jewish tradition, the number of divine names that require the scribe's special care is seven: El, Elohim, Adonai, YHWH, Ehyeh-Asher-Ehyeh, Shaddai, and Tzevaot.

          Elah (Hebrew: אֵלָה), (plural "elim") is the Aramaic word for "awesome". The origin of the word is uncertain; it may be related to a root word, meaning “fear” or “reverence”. Elah is found in the Tanakh in the books of Ezra, Daniel, and Jeremiah (Jeremiah 10:11, the only verse in the entire book written in Aramaic.) Elah is used to describe both pagan gods and the one true God.

  • Elah-avahati, God of my fathers, (Daniel 2:23)
  • Elah Elahin, God of gods (Daniel 2:47)
  • Elah Yerushelem, God of Jerusalem (Ezra 7:19)
  • Elah Yisrael, God of Israel (Ezra 5:1)
  • Elah Shemaya, God of Heaven (Ezra 7:23)
Elyon" means "supreme" (as in "Supreme Court") or "Most High". El Elyon has been traditionally translated into English as 'God Most High'

          In the Hebrew bible Book of Genesis, specifically Gen 16:13, Hagar calls the divine protagonist, El Roi. Roi means “seeing". To Hagar, God revealed Himself as “The God Who sees".

          Shalom ("Peace"; Hebrew: שלום)  The Talmud says "the name of God is 'Peace'

          HaMakom "The Omnipresent" (literally, The Place) (Hebrew: המקום)  Used in the traditional expression of condolence; המקום ינחם אתכם בתוך שאר אבלי ציון וירושלים HaMakom yenachem etchem betoch sh’ar aveilei Tziyon V’Yerushalayim—"The Place (i.e., The Omnipresent One) will comfort you (pl.) among the mourners of Zion and Jerusalem."


          Some of the other references to God are as follows:

  • Adir—"Strong One"
  • Adon Olam—"Master of the World"
  • Aibishter—"The Most High" (Yiddish)
  • Aleim—sometimes seen as an alternative transliteration of Elohim
  • Avinu Malkeinu—"Our Father, our King"
  • Boreh—"the Creator"
  • Ehiyeh sh'Ehiyeh—"I Am That I Am": a modern Hebrew version of "Ehyeh asher Ehyeh"
  • Elohei Avraham, Elohei Yitzchak ve Elohei Ya`aqov—"God of Abraham, God of Isaac, God of Jacob"
  • Elohei Sara, Elohei Rivka, Elohei Leah ve Elohei Rakhel—"God of Sarah, God of Rebecca, God of Leah, God of Rachel"
  • El ha-Gibbor—"God the hero" or "God the strong one" or "God the warrior"
  • Emet—"Truth"
  • E'in Sof—"endless, infinite", Kabbalistic name of God
  • HaKadosh, Baruch Hu—"The Holy One, Blessed be He"
  • Kadosh Israel—"Holy One of Israel"
  • Melech HaMelachim—"The King of kings" or Melech Malchei HaMelachim "The King, King of kings", to express superiority to the earthly rulers title. Phillip Birnbaum renders it "The King Who rules over kings"
  • Makom or HaMakom—literally "the place", perhaps meaning "The Omnipresent"; see Tzimtzum
  • Magen Avraham—"Shield of Abraham"
  • Ribono shel `Olam—"Master of the World"
  • Ro'eh Yisra'el—"Shepherd of Israel"
  • YHWH-Yireh (Adonai-jireh)—"The LORD will provide" (Genesis 22:13–14)
  • YHWH-Rapha—"The LORD that healeth" (Exodus 15:26)
  • YHWH-Niss"i (Adonai-Nissi)—"The LORD our Banner" (Exodus 17:8–15)
  • YHWH-Shalom—"The LORD our Peace" (Judges 6:24)
  • YHWH-Ro'i—"The LORD my Shepherd" (Psalm 23:1)
  • YHWH-Tsidkenu—"The LORD our Righteousness"[27] (Jeremiah 23:6)
  • YHWH-Shammah (Adonai-shammah)—"The LORD is present" (Ezekiel 48:35)
  • Tzur Israel—"Rock of Israel"

          Other names used to refer to God include Lord, Ancient of Days, 'Most High', 'King of Kings' or 'Lord of Lords' and Lord of the Hosts.  Some Quakers refer to God as the Light.


Jesus (Iesus, Yeshua, Joshua, or Yehoshûa) is a Hebraic personal name meaning "Yahweh saves/helps/is salvation".

Christ means "the anointed" in Greek. Khristos is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew word Messiah.

          Other common names for Jesus are "the Lamb", "the Lamb of God", "the Son of God", the "Son of Man", "The Word"[4], Emanuel and the Nazarene.


The Nicene Creed refers to the Holy Spirit as "the Holy Spirit", "the Lord", and "the giver of Life".

The Apostles' Creed refers to the Holy Spirit as "the Holy Spirit".

Jesus refers to the Holy Spirit as "Paraclete" (Greek: παράκλητος) and "the Spirit of Truth".  Elsewhere in the Gospels, the Holy Spirit is termed "a Comforter" and "the Counsellor".

The Holy Spirit is sometimes referred to as the "Holy Ghost".

"Pneuma" is the Greek word for spirit and is found 385 times in the New Testament. It is used in the general sense of spirit as well as the Holy Spirit, and can also mean wind or breath.

Ruach HaKodesh - רוח הקודש - is the Hebrew  name, meaning the Holy Spirit.

          QUESTION – If for 2000 years we counted time as being BC and AD, why did we change to BCE and CE?  Let’s see, BC meant ‘Before Christ’ and AD meant “year of our Lord”; whereas now BCE means ‘before the Christian era’ and CE means’ the Christian era’.  I know that some people think the C (i.e. the common era) means common but do we really want to see it that way?  Common to me means low, crude behavior, which I guess really does exemplify the common man, and describes what is happening in the world today.  Yes, we have gotten to the point where some want to take all reference to God out of our consciousness.

          Much of the research for this paper came from 'Bible Doctrines' by Mark G. Cambron, DD, Zondervan Publishing House 1954, Wikipedia, other books and web sites; Christian, Jewish and secular.

                "And (Jesus) being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;  And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.[5]

          "Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved."[6]

Eloi, Eloi, Boruck HaShem, Adonai Eloheinu, Amen. =  Father, Father, praise the name of my Lord, King of the universe, Amen.

[1] 1 John 5:7, John 14:26, 1 Peter 1:2,
[2] 'Bible Doctrines' by Mark G. Cambron, DD, Zondervan Publishing House 1954
[3] John 5:23, John 14:6
[4] John 1:1-4
[5] Philippians 2:8-11
[6] Acts 4:12


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